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CSCA

COMPUTER SYSTEMS in CIVIL AVIATION

Description of specialty

The importance of computer science in aviation is strategic. The aim of the specialization is to familiarize students with IT equipment present on modern aircraft and ground-based aviation systems. Modern navigation systems, including European GNSS EGNOS/Galileo systems, piloted using virtual flight simulators, as well as teleinformatics ICT and radio communication systems (including SITA global commercial aviation networks, ARINC etc.), sensors and signal integration methods are discussed. Graduates of this specialization are high-level IT specialists, who can be employed in companies where advanced ICT devices are being designed, built or deployed, practically in all branches of modern industry, not just aviation. However, the basic profile of graduates predestines them for the administration and use of computer systems for passenger handling, air traffic and communications, computer networks and information security systems, and serves as aerospace development specialists. The skills of the graduate must also include co-operation with aeronautical applications.

Motivation

In a modern aircraft are about 80 information systems. In the cockpit are, eg. Navigation, traffic control or motor control systems. In addition, the passenger compartment is equipped with security systems, air composition analyzers, audio-visual systems etc. Coordination enormous number of aircraft traffic would not be possible without a well-functioning information systems. Specialized software is used by airlines, airports and all institutions involved in the organization of air traffic. The whole sphere of airport maintenance is computerized. The air carrier will not sell a ticket, and the passenger will not buy it, if there is no reservation system, passenger cannot fly from the airport, if not handled with a passengers clearance system, the publican will not let anyone to pass the gate, if not scan the identity card or passport code. According to a survey conducted by the magazine „Airline Business" shows that in the next few years 90% airports in the world will increase spending on IT. However, airports admit that they do not have a strategy for the implementation of these latest solutions. Every fourth airport, pointed out as the reason for the lack of agreement in the companies on this issue, and every fifth gaps in the budget. The survey also showed that IT infrastructure at most airports is returned in outsourcing to external companies. About 37% airports orders maintenance and IT services to the companies selected in the tenders, which mostly have nothing to do with aviation sector. 75% airports wants to enable advanced ICT services. Half of the ports will invest in self-service information devices, where passengers will be able to obtain information about the airlines, fares and services available in the terminal. Every third airport plans to implement biometric identification systems at check-in passenger gates. More conservative management ports are limited to the use of modern techniques for the identification and marking of luggage. The above short description of the requirements for IT systems in aviation shows the range of needs in the training of highly qualified personnel specialists designed to meet these requirements.  As estimated by the Polish Civil Aviation Authority (ULC) Polish ground aviation services will need about 23 thousand employees in the next 5 years, during the industry growth and the aging workforce. By 2020 according to forecasts the capacity of the Polish airspace will increase 80-100% by implementation of modern management and space systems, navigation and communication equipment. Representatives of the Ministry of ULC emphasize that both the airports, and airspace services, requires professionals. The Virtual Flying Laboratory VFL cooperating with the Faculty of Automatic Control, Electronics and Computer Science in joint science and research projects in the field of computer science in civil aviation.

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Virtual Flying Laboratory VFL

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image019SCSA specialty is conducted on the established in 2011 Virtual Flying Laboratory VFL basis located at the Faculty of Automatic Control, Electronics and Computer Science studies, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice. Laboratory area of 120 square meters, organized by the EU funds is equipped with 2 professional ELITE company FNTP II and FNTP II MCC flight simulators meeting the requirements of JAR FSTD A / JAR STD-3A allowing civil aviation pilots provide professional training courses in order to acquire and extend the professional CPL and ATPL licenses, flights by indication of on-board instruments IR. These simulators reproduce Cessna  172 RG Piper Arrow IV Piper Seneca  III and Cessna 172 RG, King Air B200, Piper Seneca  III aircraft class. In addition, the laboratory is equipped with 10 laboratory computer stations to teach CSCA students the flight simulators software and construction. Two FLYIT mobile flight simulators built into the trailers fulfilling lab roles are used as instructional training devices - helicopter for learning piloting and navigation within VFR and IFR criteria. Helicopters class - Piston R22, R44, Schweizer 300 Enstrom 280 FX Turbine MD 500 Bell 206 and mobile device training aircraft which focused on airplanes - Cessna 172, 182, 182 RG and a multiple - Piper Seneca  III Beech B 58 Baron.

 

The study plan

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Subjects of study

3D Modelling – The aim of the course is to acquaint students with advanced graphic techniques used for 3D objects modeling.

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The basics of aerodynamics – The aim of the course is to acquaint students with a basic knowledge of wings aerodynamics profiles and impact of their changes to the forces acting on the fly, impact of lift, drag forces on the aircraft, the base control airframe. In the laboratory, students practice the basics of flight, simulations of different lobes and their impact on the behavior of the aircraft. The course is presented as a description of the construction of a helicopter flight systems, with a comparison to the structure of the aircraft.  

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Flight instruments, avionics  - The aim of the course is to familiarize students with the basic knowledge and skills in the flight instruments functioning and flight controls action of the aircraft. The course is provided for the project, during which the student will have the opportunity to design own microprocessor units acting as the flight control system component or element of the cockpit of the aircraft.

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Computer networks in aviation  - aim of the course is to acquaint students with the architecture and functionality of computer networks used in aviation, with particular emphasis on issues related to the deterministic mechanisms ensuring the provision of information in the required time.  

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Flight simulators  - The aim of the course is to acquaint students with the issues that occur when creating modern software systems and flight simulators for example ELITE FNPT and PI135 simulators. An additional objective is to familiarize students with the techniques of GIS integration, complex 3D models in Virtual Reality systems, for example flight simulators.

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GIS  - The aim of the course is to acquaint students with the so-called geoinformatics, related to planning, design, development and use of geographic information systems, spatial processing spatial data, with particular focus on the issues of GIS applications in flight simulators.

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Satellite navigation systems, GNSS  - The aim of the course is to acquaint students with the issues when using modern satellite navigation systems - including the European GNSS EGNOS/Galileo in aviation. As part of the laboratory exercises students have the opportunity to familiarize themselves with the base station network EDCN operations (EGNOS Data Collection Network), which our team is an active participant.

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